# Maths

The Mathematics programme in Years 7, 8 and 9 follows the English National Curriculum. It forms the basis for Mathematics at IGCSE level.

- Number
- Algebra
- Ratio, proportion and rates of change
- Geometry and measures
- Probability
- Statistics

Using and applying mathematics, communicating mathematically and reasoning are taught throughout Years 7, 8 and 9. Students are regularly set problem solving activities involving practical tasks or real-life problems, which pose a challenge and allow students to develop and use their own strategies to reach a solution.** **Spreadsheets are also covered, using computers. Students develop both calculator and non-calculator skills.

For each topic, the work set is differentiated according to ability. There are 3 lessons and 2 homeworks each week. Students' progress is closely monitored and feedback is given continually throughout each term. There are short tests after each half-term and an end-of-year test in June.

Pupils are expected to bring their own equipment to every Mathematics lesson: pen, pencil, rubber, ruler, scientific calculator (not graphical), protractor and compass.

Students use the 'Essential Mathematics' books 7H, 8H and 9H by David Rayner. The topics covered are outlined below:

## Year 7

- Addition and subtraction; place value; rounding.
- Multiplying and dividing; order of operations.
- Collecting and displaying data.
- Factors; multiples; prime numbers; indices; sequences.
- Fractions; decimals; percentages; fractions of quantities.
- Addition and subtraction of fractions and decimals.
- Multiplication and division of decimals.
- Metric and Imperial units.
- Acute, obtuse and reflex angles; angle rules with parallel lines.
- Lines of symmetry; rotational symmetry; planes of symmetry.
- Triangles and quadrilaterals.
- Probability.
- Area and perimeter.
- Coordinates and straight line graphs.
- Algebra, formulas, equations and negative numbers.
- Solids; volumes.
- Pie charts.

## Year 8

- Positive and negative indices, standard form, significant figures.
- Probability.
- Multiplication and division of fractions.
- Fractions and percentages; percentage increase and decrease.
- Simplifying ratios; direct proportion.
- Polygons; sum of the interior angles and exterior angles.
- Areas of triangles and parallelograms; square roots.
- Scatter graphs; line of best fit; positive and negative correlation.
- Circumference and area of a circle.
- Formulas; multiplication and division of directed numbers; substituting; sequences.
- Reflections, translations and rotations.
- Linear equations; forming and solving linear inequalities.
- Straight line and curved graphs.
- Solving equations and simultaneous equations.
- Volumes.
- Enlargement and scale drawing; bearings.
- Pythagoras' theorem.
- Travel graphs; speed, distance and time.

## Year 9

- Fractions and decimals.
- Probability, tree diagrams.
- Percentages; compound and simple interest.
- Ratio; direct and inverse proportion.
- Algebra; expanding, factorising, manipulating algebraic fractions.
- Inequalities.
- Constructing formulas; substituting; n
^{th}term of a sequence. - Simultaneous and quadratic equations.
- Areas: prisms, circle sectors.
- Volumes: trapezium, prisms.
- Transformations; similar figures.
- Trigonometry: finding missing sides and angles.
- Loci.
- Angle rules in circles.

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