Science: Years 7-8

Chemistry, Biology and Physics are taught as separate subjects from Year 9 onwards.

Year 7

Introduction to Science

  • basic laboratory equipment
  • safety
  • the fair test
  • presenting information
  • mass and volume

Energy

  • types of energy
  • energy and food
  • energy resources

Classifying Living Things

  • general features of animals and plants
  • adaptations to specific environments
  • using a branching key
  • differences between fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals

The Environment

  • habitats
  • food chains and webs
  • populations and competition

Forces

  • using forces
  • friction and moving forces
  • floating and sinking

Reproduction

  • conception
  • growth of the fetus
  • birth
  • puberty

Matter

  • solids, liquids and gases
  • changes of state
  • particles

Materials and Mixtures

  • properties and classification
  • separating mixtures
  • acids and alkalis

Electricity and Magnetism

  • circuits and symbols
  • conductors and insulators
  • using ammeters
  • series and parallel circuits
  • problem-solving with circuits
  • resistance and switches
  • measuring voltage
  • static electricity - attraction/repulsion
  • magnetism and magnetic fields
  • magnetising objects
  • simple electromagnetic effects

Year 8

Sight and Sound

  • structure and function of the parts of the ear
  • making sounds - vibrations
  • musical instruments
  • changing volume and pitch
  • amplitude and frequency
  • waveforms using an oscilloscope
  • transmission of sound
  • noise pollution - the decibel scale
  • structure and function of the parts of the eye
  • the pinhole camera
  • using lenses
  • correcting eye defects

Elements and Compounds

  • elements, compounds and mixtures
  • separating mixtures
  • symbols for elements
  • metals and non-metals
  • reactivity series for metals

Chemical Reactions

  • chemical and physical reactions
  • iron and steel - the blast furnace
  • fire triangle
  • respiration, rusting, acid rain

The Earth in Space

  • the Earth
  • shadows and the seasons
  • phases of the moon
  • the tides
  • different types of eclipse
  • days, years and months
  • the solar system
  • the scale of the universe
  • the Sun
  • energy from the Sun
  • photosynthesis
  • food (energy) chains and webs
  • sources of energy, alternative energy

Populations

  • making and using keys
  • adaptation
  • predators and competition

Forces and Motion

  • speed-time graphs
  • distant-time graphs
  • balance forces
  • acceleration

Digestion and Food

  • a balanced diet
  • teeth
  • digestion

Staying Alive

  • breathing
  • the heart and circulation
  • blood

Energy

  • energy transfers
  • solar power
  • making energy

Electricity

  • static
  • electronic circuits
  • sensors
  • logic gates

Plants

  • photosynthesis
  • growth
  • plants and water
  • plant reproduction

Chemistry: Year 9

Compound Formation

  • making simple salts
  • combustion

Periodic Table

  • arrangement of proton number
  • groups
  • periods
  • atomic structure
  • first 20 elements
  • ionic bonding

Geology

  • earth's interior
  • rock cycle
  • volcanoes and tectonics

Metals

  • properties of metals and their oxides
  • action of metals with dilute acids and water
  • displacement reactions
  • extraction of metals

Biology: Year 9

Variation

  • inherited and environmental variation
  • chromosomes
  • selective breeding

Pollution and environment

  • acid rain
  • food chains and polution
  • nutritional cycles

The Active Body

  • exercise
  • muscles
  • joints
  • reflexes
  • homeostasis

Health

  • growth
  • alcohol
  • drugs
  • microbes and disease
  • immune system

Physics: Year 9

Energy Changes

  • forms of energy
  • energy transfer
  • heat conduction and insulation
  • convection
  • radiation - absorption and emission
  • using insulators
  • the temperature scale
  • spreading energy - energy conservation

Forces in Action

  • pushes and pulls
  • comparing forces - the newtonmeter
  • the pull of the Earth
  • machines - levers and pulleys
  • force and pressure, flotation
  • air pressure
  • stability and centre of gravity
  • oscillations - pendula and springs

The Atom

  • simple atomic structure, elections
  • the nucleus, protons & neutrons
  • nuclear stability and radioactivity
  • dangers and safety precautions regarding radioactivity

Waves

  • rays, beams, shadows, pinhole camera
  • reflection, refraction, images in mirrors
  • lenses, focusing, types of images
  • ray diagrams
  • wave characteristics
  • reflection, refraction, diffraction
  • speed, wavelength, frequency
  • sound waves

Motion

  • work and energy
  • speed, velocity, acceleration
  • Newton's law (simplified)
  • balanced and unbalanced forces
  • kinetic and potential energy
  • momentum

Related Courses

P1280036